Keratoconus Specialist Near Me: Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round shape of the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) becomes thin and cone-shaped. This abnormal shape causes light to be refracted incorrectly, resulting in distorted vision. Symptoms of keratoconus include blurred vision, glare and halos around lights, and sensitivity to light. The exact cause of keratoconus is not known, but it may be related to genetic, environmental, or biochemical factors. The disease is typically diagnosed in adolescence or early adulthood and can be treated with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery.
What is the best treatment for keratoconus eye disease in a teenager?
The best treatment for keratoconus in a teenager will depend on the individual case and the severity of the disease.
Keratoconus Specialist Near Me Talks About Some common treatment options include:
- Glasses or soft contact lenses: These can help to correct mild to moderate vision problems caused by keratoconus.
- Rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses: These are specially designed to conform to the irregular shape of the cornea in keratoconus, and can provide clearer vision than glasses or soft contact lenses.
- Orthokeratology (ortho-k): This is a non-surgical treatment in which the patient wears special contact lenses overnight. The lenses reshape the cornea temporarily, allowing the patient to see clearly during the day without any lenses or glasses. Keratoconus Specialist Near Me.
- Collagen cross-linking: This is a non-invasive procedure that uses UV light and riboflavin to strengthen the cornea and slow the progression of keratoconus.
- Intacs: These are small plastic inserts that are placed into the cornea to change its shape and improve vision.
- Corneal transplant: This is a surgical procedure in which the damaged cornea is replaced with healthy tissue from a donor. This is usually considered as a last resort treatment.
The best treatment plan will be determined by your ophthalmologist after a thorough examination and evaluation of your teenager’s condition.
What is corneal collagen crosslinking?
Corneal Collagen Crosslinking (CXL) is a non-invasive procedure that uses ultraviolet-A (UVA) light and riboflavin (vitamin B2) to strengthen the cornea and slow the progression of keratoconus. The procedure works by creating new chemical bonds (crosslinks) between the collagen fibers in the cornea. These crosslinks help to stiffen and stabilize the cornea, preventing it from becoming more cone-shaped and preserving vision.
During the procedure, riboflavin eye drops are applied to the eye, and the eye is then exposed to UVA light for a specific duration. The procedure usually takes about 30 minutes to an hour. Keratoconus Specialist Near Me.
CXL is considered a safe and effective treatment for keratoconus, with a high success rate in slowing or stopping the progression of the disease. It is usually recommended for patients with moderate to advanced keratoconus who are no longer able to achieve clear vision with glasses or contact lenses. It can also be used to prevent keratoconus progression in patients who have been identified as at-risk for the disease.
It’s important to note that CXL is not a cure for keratoconus and it does not restore normal corneal shape, but it can improve vision and prevent further deterioration. Keratoconus Specialist Near Me.